Bed bug Frequently Asked Questions
Bed bugs (Cimex Lectularius) are small, nocturnal, wingless insects that belong to the family of Cimicidae. They feed on human blood and other warm-blooded hosts.
Young bed bugs (nymphs) are very small, translucent, lighter in color and very difficult to see with the naked eye. Adult bed bugs are reddish brown and have a flattened, oval appearance, similar to an apple seed. Microscopic hairs make them look as though they stripes or banding. Adult bed bugs grow to a length of 4-5 mm and width of 1.5-3mm.
Bed bugs can bite anywhere on the body where there is skin. Typically, bites tend to occur on areas exposed during sleeping, such as face, neck, hands, shoulders, arms and legs.
Although some people are unaffected by bed bug bites, others can experience severe itching and discomfort.
Other signs and symptoms of bed bug bites include:
- Burning painful sensation
- Raised itchy bump with a clear center
- Red itchy bump with a dark center and lighter swollen surrounding area
- Small red bumps or welts in a zigzag pattern or a line
- Small red bumps surrounded by blisters or hives
- Papular eruptions or areas of skin with raised or flat patches that may be inflamed
While fairly rare, some people have or develop severe allergic reactions and symptoms from bed bug bites. Serious symptoms that require medical attention include:
- Difficulty breathing
- feeling nauseous or flu-like
- Swollen tongue
- Irregular heartbeat
Signs of an infestation includes the presence of apple shape and sized bed bugs, bites, small blood stains on sheets, bed bug eggs and fecal matter of the bed bug on the mattress, with a heavier concentration of fecal matter typically on the corners of the mattress and in folds of the mattress. Another indication to look for is bed bug exoskeletons or molted skins.
Bed bugs typically feed during nighttime hours and are most active before dawn. However, bed bugs have been known to feed during the day. The bed bug injects the host with two feeding tubes, one for injecting anticoagulants and anesthetic and the other for withdrawing blood. They are attracted to carbon dioxide and secondarily to heat. They normally crawl onto the host but have been known to drop on a host from overhead. They feed for approximately five minutes before returning to their hiding place. They try to feed every five to ten days, but in the right conditions, they can live for as long as one year without feeding and eighteen months without any oxygen at all.
There is currently no evidence that bed bugs transmit diseases to humans however some people have an allergic reaction to bed bug bites. Additionally, there is the psychological effect of going to sleep knowing you will be bitten.
Bed bugs are elusive and usually nocturnal, which can make them hard to spot. Inspecting items with a flashlight is very helpful. Typically, bed bugs like to hide near the host, such as beds, couches, chairs, baseboards, ceilings etc. They like to burrow away in very small cracks and crevices. Look in the seams of a mattress and the folds of sheets. Additionally, bed bugs often lodge unnoticed in dark crevices, any screw holes where headboards and sections of the bed are held together. Bed bug eggs are typically found nestled in fabric seams.
No! Moving furniture will cause the bed bugs to spread around your home and will not get rid of the infestation.
No. Unfortunately, you are the host and bed bugs will follow you. You are better off staying in the room and hiring a professional exterminator to safely remove the bed bug infestation.
Bed bug eggs look similar to the size and shape of rice. Bed bugs lay approximately 1-5 eggs per day with a total of 200-500 in their lifetime; which is slightly less than one year. If a bed bug can lay up to 500 eggs, offspring infestation can quickly explode exponentially. In six months, a single bed bug can produce 30,000 descendants. In nine months, they can be counted by hundreds of thousands. Bed bugs are extremely hard to get rid of without the help of a professional exterminator that specializes in bed bug eradication.
Bed bugs should not be equated with filth or sanitation problems. Bed bugs are very elusive, transient pests. They are often found in other areas besides the bed. They can live for several months without eating and can withstand a wide range of temperatures from nearly freezing to 120 degrees Fahrenheit. Bed bug infestations are very difficult to eliminate. It is best to call a professional bed bug extermination company immediately so the problem does not get out of control. Please feel free to contact us if you have any questions or would like a free estimate for service.
Many public places are at risk for bed bug infestations. Top infestation spots include hotels, dorms, hospitals, schools, vehicles, public transportation, libraries etc.
Certified and lab tested bug proof mattress and box spring encasements are available for purchase. (10 year warranty included)
We also offer an all-natural bed bug prevention spray for further protection and preventive measures.